Fortification Hall was an important station on the quest west, and an interesting spot to visit now! This kind of is true not only because of its unique role in Oregon and California trail history but also due to thriving culture of the Shoshone-Bannock booking. To emphasise the unique aspects of the Fortification Hall Shoshone-Bannocks is to acknowledge the achievement of a degree of monetary success that was historically not typical of reservations, and the role of cultural values in moderating changes brought by market influences. Konstrukcje stalowe
The Fortification Hall Shoshones, known as the Pohogues (People of the Sage), had lived on the southwest corner of the Great Basin, perhaps as long as four thousand years ago, migrating up to the Snake Riv drainage in ensuing generations. Their first documented contact with whites was with Lewis and Clark in August of 1805 nearby the present day reservation. The Corp desperately needed race horses, but Lewis had despaired of ever encountering the Shoshones who fled when sighted. Finally the people surprised three Shoshone ladies who didn’t have time to flee. Lewis offered gives and persuaded them of his peaceful intentions when sixty mounted warriors galloped up, armed and ready to fight.
A 1918 canvas by Montana’s Western style Artist Charles Russell memorializes the Corps of Discovery’s meeting with Cameahwait’s warfare party. Leaving his weapon behind with two Corps members, Captain Meriwether Lewis advanced with only the American flag. His trick worked: “We were all carresed and besmeared with their grease and color till I used to be heartily exhausted of the national embrace, ” he wrote.
Lewis dropped his gun, selected up an American banner, and approached alone. The bad news gained from the face was that the rivers were unnavigable. The good news was that the Indians had a herd of 4 100 horses, some of which they traded for mere trinkets. They also offered and old guy, “Old Toby, ” as a guide because he knew of the country to the northwest. A trapper called John Rees suggested that “Toby” might be a contraction of Tosa-tive koo-be which literally translated from Shoshone means, “gave ‘brains, ‘ to the white-man. ” Whatever call him by his name this individual helped them through the Bitterroot Mountains. They were the immense ranges, partially protected with snow, that they can found here. They had expected them to be a short portage that would took them to a navigable tributary of the Columbia.
The Shoshone had always relied intensely on the ecosystem for their food, especially origins of the camas vegetable, and salmon when in season. It is interesting that Lewis and Cs survived almost totally on camas roots at times during their journey. The Shoshone also ate early morning glory roots and sego roots. During the early spring, they could find untamed onions, new cattail comes, wild asparagus, and untamed carrots. During the summertime, there were wild bananas, gooseberries, water lilies, and sunflower seeds. Inside the fall, the Shoshone selected currants, serviceberries, and money berries. What did the Indians do with camas? Almost without exception, they baked them, slow and low, in an globe oven.
They could also get pine nuts from the pi? on pinus radiata trees during this period of the year. They would select the nuts out of the pinecones, roast them, winnow, (or shell), them, and grind them into flour. At the replica of old Fort Hall in Pocatello, broadsheets tell about some of the crops that Lewis and Clark simon discovered. Of course trout was of major importance when in season and was the reason for heated up disputes over fishing protection under the law at a later day. (For a delightful recipe for Zucchini Pinenut Tamales, see the Shoshoni Cookbook, by Faith Stone and AnnSaks. )
The Shoshones were also influential in the fur trade. The Rugged Mountain trappers were, for the majority of the year, a detached fragment of Euro-American society. They were separated by five-hundred miles from the settled states. Just in mid-summer, when the rendezvous started out and the supply trains trekked across the Great Plains, do they see other white people. Not only do the Indians supply rapport, but this important event could have been drawn from an Indian precedent, the Shoshoni trade fair, which was traditionally held in the summertime season. It was a fusion of both cultures’ trading rituals and was so successful because it combined the practicality of the market place with the frivolity and party of a social occasion.